Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina


The Meadow Brown is one of our most widespread and common butterflies. It is a butterfly of open grasslands, but intensification of farming has reduced its numbers in agricultural areas. If is also found in a wide variety of other habitats including woodland rides, roadside verges, dunes and wastelands.


The male is a plain chocolate brown butterfly with a tiny eye spot on the upper forewings. The female is larger and has a bright orange blaze on the forewing. In comparison with the Gatekeeper it usually has only one white pupil in the eye spot of the forewing. The underwing is characterised by having small black dots as opposed to the white dots of the Gatekeeper.

Flight times

The Meadow Brown has a single brood, but the variable rate of larval development leads to a long flight period between mid-June and mid-October.

Food plants

Eggs are laid or dropped among grasses including Sheep's Fescue and Annual Meadow-grass.

Meadow Brown
Meadow Brown - © Simon Jenkins

Distribution Maps

Meadow Brown distribution map 2005-09
Meadow Brown distribution map 2010-14
Meadow Brown distribution map 2015-19
Meadow Brown distribution map 2015
2015 Summary
No of tetrads 789
First sighting 22/06/2015
Last sighting 01/10/2015
Meadow Brown distribution map 2016
2016 Summary
No of tetrads 639
First sighting 07/06/2016
Last sighting 26/06/2016
Meadow Brown distribution map 2017
2017 Summary
No of tetrads 677
First sighting 18/05/2017
Last sighting 10/10/2017
Meadow Brown distribution map 2018
2018 Summary
No of tetrads 728
First sighting 16/05/2018
Last sighting 25/09/2018
Meadow Brown distribution map 2019
2019 Summary
No of tetrads 878
First sighting 18/04/2019
Last sighting 18/10/2019
Meadow Brown distribution map 2020
2020 Summary
No of tetrads 985
First sighting 27/05/2020
Last sighting 29/09/2020
Meadow Brown distribution map 2021
2021 Summary
No of tetrads 939
First sighting 29/05/2021
Last sighting 26/09/2021
Meadow Brown distribution map 2022
2022 Summary
No of tetrads 705
First sighting 16/04/2022
Last sighting 16/09/2022

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